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Seasoning Chart

Add extra flavor to your cooking with herbs, spices and extracts. Mastering the use of seasonings is an important step in becoming a more creative cook.

The following chart is intended as an introduction to seasoning. The combinations are endless. For combination dishes such as casseroles, salads, stews, and soups, consult the chart for foods contained in the dish. See Seasoning with Herbs and Spices for more information.

Vegetables    Meats and Fish    Breads    Desserts    Regional Cuisines

Food Seasoning


Brussel sprouts Nutmeg
Carrots Cinnamon, ginger
Cauliflower Nutmeg
Dried Beans chili powder, coriander seed, cumin, garlic, onion, oregano, pepper
Green Beans Tarragon
Peas Marjoram, Mint
Potatoes Chives, dill, parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme
Sweet potatoes Allspice
Tomatoes Basil, sage

Meats and Fish

Beef Chili powder, ginger, horseradish, nutmeg, paprika, bay leaf, garlic, parsley, thyme
Egg Cayenne, chives, coriander, mustard, nutmeg
Fish Chervil, chives, marjoram, mint, rosemary, sage, tarragon, thyme
Ham Allspice, clove
Lamb Dill, garlic, mint, mustard, pepper, rosemary, tarragon, thyme
Poultry Curry powder, ginger, marjoram, oregano, pepper, rosemary, sage, sesame seeds, thyme
Pork Mustard, oregano, rosemary
Veal Mace, tarragon


Sweet Allspice, anise, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg
Nonsweet Dill, oregano, parsley, sage, sesame seeds, thyme


Cake Anise, clove, ginger, mace, vanilla, orange, peppermint
Chocolate Cinnamon, peppermint extract
Cookies Anise, clove, ginger, mace, mustard, lemon, cardamom
Fruit Allspice, cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, vanilla

Regional Cuisines

Cajun/Creole Bay leaf, cayenne, garlic, onion, oregano, parsley, pepper, sassafras, thyme
Chinese Chili powder, cilantro, garlic, ginger, onion, pepper, shallot, star anise
French/Northern European Bay leaf, chervil, garlic, horseradish, onion, parsley, rosemary, saffron, sage, shallot, tarragon, thyme
Greek/Middle Eastern Allspice, caraway, cayenne, chicory, cilantro, cinnamon, clove, coriander seed, cumin, fennel, garlic, Italian parsley, mint, nutmeg, onion, paprika, pepper, saffron, sesame seed, sumac, thyme and turmeric,
Indian Cardamom, cayenne, coriander seed, cumin, fennel, fenugreek, pepper, saffron, tumeric
Italian Basil, chicory, dried chilies , fennel, garlic, Italian parsley, marjoram, onion, oregano
Mexican Chili powder, dried chilies, cilantro, cumin, epazote, garlic, oregano
Spanish Chili powder, dried chilies, garlic, saffron
Thai/Vietnamese Basil, chili powder, cilantro, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, lemon verbena, lime leaves, mint, onion, pepper, shallot, star anise

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